Moles are solitary animals, abundant throughout Britain and living a majority of their time underground in an area that can cover between 100 – 1000sq/m.
They are usually active after sunrise and before sunset often patrolling their tunnels for 3 to 4 hours at a time.
Moles are not blind contrary to popular believe but have two pin sized eyes even though they have very little use as they live in almost permanent darkness. Moles rely on their sense of smell and hearing and their tunnels are great for carrying sound and smells.
The mole has a covering of sensitive hairs on its face called vibrisseae. The base of these hairs contains a perceptive nervous system.
Further vibrations are felt as the mole runs with its tail in the air touching the roof of its tunnel.
They feed mainly on earthworms but also on slugs and insect larvae, most prey is caught when it falls into the tunnels therefore the mole patrols the tunnel system almost continually with activity for 4 hours with 3 hours rest in between, usually just after sunrise and just before sunset.
They are very solitary animals living for between 3 to five years, even fighting to the death if coming across the same species. The breeding season lasts from February to June with usually one litter a year.
They cause damage to silage for Farmers and could be a possible source for Listeriosis in sheep additionally their hills are unsightly and can aid weed growth in our lawns through their tunnelling.
There are many methods advised to control moles such as vibrations machines, ultra Sonics, bleach and many more wife’s tales but there is questionable proof any these work. The most effective methods are trapping and if in a large enough area Phosphine gas or in the last resort move to Ireland where there aren’t any.